Die Forelle - The Trout

 

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Mekousna
Ohridska Pastrmka
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GENERAL PROFILE
Official Name Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location Southeastern Europe, between 4226' and 4515' Northern Latitude and between 1545' and 1941' Eastern Longitude.

Land Boundaries Total 1,537 km, with Croatia 931 km, with Montenegro 249 km, with Serbia 357 km. Coastline: 20 km.
Area 51 129 km2
Terrain Dinarric mountains in the central and southern part, plains in the north along the river Sava.
Climate Continental-hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool nean - long, hot summers and mild, rainy winters. Average January temperatures: Sarajevo, Zenica 1C; Mostar 5C; Tuzla, Bihac 0C; Banja Luka 0C. Average July temperatures: Sarajevo, Zenica, Tuzla, Bihac, Banja Luka 21C; Mostar 25C.
Population 4 354 911
Population Density 85.2 per km2
Official Languages Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
Main Cities Sarajevo (capital), Mostar, Tuzla, Zenica, Banja Luka, Bihac

 

HEALTH
Age distribution 0 - 14
15 - 59
>60
23 %
65 %
11 %
Life Expectancy Male: 69.2 years
Female: 74.6 years
Birth rate 14.9 per 1000 population
Death rate 4.8 per 1000 population
Birth rate 0.6 %

 

GOVERNMENT
Type Parliamentary democracy

 

TRANSPORT
Roads length 21,677 km
Railroads length 1,040 km
Passenger cars 450,298

 

ECONOMY
Major primary commodities Wood, Coal, Mineral
Manufactured products Textiles, Clothing & Footwear, Chemical, Electrical and Machinery Iron, Steel & Aluminum
Energy Electricity, Coal & Coke
Labor force Industry & Mining 44%, Agriculture 3.6%; Construction 7.4%, Services 45%

 

FINANCE
Monetary Unit Convertible Mark (1 KM = 1 DEM)
Gross domestic product US$ 3.4 billion
Per capita GDP US$ 880
Imports US$ 1.5 billion
Exports US$ 1.5 billion

 

EDUCATION
Primary and secondary education 532,468 (1990/91)
Full-time and part-times students 34,644 (1990/91)
Graduate students 4,498 (1991)

    -total in the period of 1964-91:

161,683
Graduate students of the third degree 162 (1991)

    -total in the period of 1972-91:

2,374
Doctors of sciences 88 (1991)

    -total in the period of 1972-91:

1,319